By Chandra Harris-McCray
In these parts, Charlie Daniel is just as legendary as Charles Schulz was for Peanuts.
But his rather pointed wit leaves no room for a hapless Charlie Brown and blanket-cuddling Linus as he pokes, prods and piques the policies and foibles of presidents and football coaches. National leaders, as well as Tennessee governors, have collected copies of their exaggerated faces, insults and all, with the banter ordinary citizens think and wish they could say.
At 80+, Daniel's artistic gift and smart-aleck puns, captured daily in the Knoxville News Sentinel, will continue to delight the public's imagination at the UT Libraries through a collection of 12,000 cartoons-with more coming-that he donated.
He is his own worst critic, despite the notoriety of authoring four books of his work and averaging 300 cartoons a year-he's only taken off once, to his chagrin, for eight weeks to recover from quadruple bypass heart surgery.
"That's just not that funny anymore," he says while barely viewing a smattering of more than a half century of his creative thoughts on a long table in the special collections area of Hodges Library.
"And what about this one," he said, glancing at his drawing of Red China revolutionist Mao Tse-tung with his "arm of power" stretched over an easel with the words, 'Give me what I want or I'll blow you up.'
"The idea was good, but the art just stinks."
While in college, with a neighbor's nudging, he took his "refined squiggles" to The Daily Tar Heel student newspaper. He became the paper's editorial cartoonist. For 50 cents a cartoon he put "the doodles in the margins of his accounting notes" to good use before switching his major from business to political science.
"I really wanted to study football," says Daniel, who considered coming to UT, but was swayed by a football scholarship at UNC.
"I never dreamed I would wind up as a cartoonist," he said. "I always wanted to be a coach. I had entered the university as a football player and started on the freshman team. I planned to major in physical education and become a coach."
Never formally trained to draw, let alone be a cartoonist, Daniel says, "Drawing was just a hobby," as he moved down the table to another decade of witty drawings. The metamorphosis from hobby to profession is visible. But he still offers a side-to-side "it-is-just-OK" head nod before he quips, "Maybe I should have tried that one again."
With his baggy trousers and a Santa Claus-like mustache, Daniel's "second chance" comes every morning by 7:30 a.m. He makes his way to his drawing board at the News Sentinel. It is where he has been banging out provocative banter since 1992, after his doodling career at the Knoxville Journal, which began in 1958, came to an end with the closing of the Journal.
"I have a simple routine that works well. I arrive at the office early, drink some coffee, walk around and wait for the muse to show up and give me inspiration," he said with a grin. "Unfortunately, the muse usually sleeps in until at least 11 o'clock.
"It's like the composer Johnny Mercer once described about making great lyrics to such American standards like Moon River. 'Waiting around the bend, my huckleberry friend, Moon River and me'; where did that come from?
"I think all creative people have that," he says. "You don't question where it comes from; you just give thanks that it came."
Still doing a handful of drafts before settling on his final drawing for the paper, Daniel said, "For cartoonists the greatest tribute you can get is having your work stuck up on a refrigerator."
Or in the case of Marshall Ramsey (UTK '91), Daniel's work was more than just admired. Daniel influenced and taught Ramsey not just how to draw cartoons, but how to be an editorial cartoonist. The two-time Pulitzer finalist's work graces the pages of The Clarion-Ledger.
"I got my diploma from UT, but I got my education from Charlie," says Ramsey, who named his first born Daniel.
Born with an uncanny mix of cleverness and humor in Richmond, Va., Daniel grew up 80 miles away "reading the funnies" in Weldon, N.C.-the Rockfish Capital of the World-he points out, in true Daniel style, the Roanoke River town's claim to fame.
Rattling off his first introductions to newspaper comedy, he said, "I read the Raleigh News & Observer in the morning; the afternoon Raleigh paper; the Norfolk Ledger-Dispatch; and then I would go next door to my grandmother's house and read all the comic strips in the Richmond Times-Dispatch."
And what he could not get from the black-and-white newspaper print, "I got from my family. They were a bunch of comedians and storytellers.
"I didn't realize I was funny until I got away from them. I got around total strangers and realized, 'Golly, I am funny!'"
He can cackle and find humor and humility in an album of rejection letters his mother kept when he was scouring the country looking for a job upon graduating from UNC in 1958. At 28, he "had matured a bit" after spending time at Virginia's Fort Union Military Academy and being drafted by the U.S. Marines a year into college.
His maturity was about to climb another notch with fatherhood. His wife, Patsy, whom he knew he was going to marry after giving her a box of Valentine's candy in the second grade, was seven months pregnant.
"I needed a job-really any job," he says. "I applied to 40 newspapers and only two of them even bothered to write back.
"One editor who replied was in Roanoke-at least he took the time to write and turn me down."
The other guy was the Journal's Guy Smith, who is characterized as a "fire-breathing, hard-core Republican czar," who hired Daniel to be a part-time reporter.
After spending one day with a cop reporter and struggling over one paragraph, only later to be ribbed by a sports editor who said he had difficulty spelling hard words like 'the,' 'it,' and 'Daniel,' he exchanged his journalist pen permanently for a cartoonist's one.
"If I had not found a job with a newspaper, my start would have been as a cigarette salesman," said Daniel, who lit "my last cigarette after my father died from emphysema. Smoking got the best of my sister, too, who died at 47 from lung cancer."
Continuing to "blow smoke" of a different kind with his choice of words and caricatures on the quandaries of life, Daniel lives to prick the hearts of humanity and "get people to loosen up and not be so uptight."
With the longevity genes of his mother, who lived to be 105 and did not retire from being her church's secretary until she was 92, the father of two and grandfather of four said he is still working to be better due to the prodding of his mother.
"After 25 years and releasing my first book, she told me, 'Son, your work almost looks professional!'"
For more gift options that can benefit you while supporting UT, contact the Office of Planned Giving at (865) 974-4826 or firstname.lastname@example.org .
The information on this website is not intended as legal or tax advice. For such advice, please consult an attorney or tax advisor. Figures cited in examples are for hypothetical purposes only and are subject to change. References to estate and income taxes include federal taxes only. State income/estate taxes or state law may impact your results. Annuities are subject to regulation by the State of California. Payments under such agreements, however, are not protected or otherwise guaranteed by any government agency or the California Life and Health Insurance Guarantee Association. A charitable gift annuity is not regulated by the Oklahoma Insurance Department and is not protected by a guaranty association affiliated with the Oklahoma Insurance Department. Charitable gift annuities are not regulated by and are not under the jurisdiction of the South Dakota Division of Insurance.
A charitable bequest is one or two sentences in your will or living trust that leave to The University Of Tennessee a specific item, an amount of money, a gift contingent upon certain events or a percentage of your estate.
an individual or organization designated to receive benefits or funds under a will or other contract, such as an insurance policy, trust or retirement plan
"I, [name], of [city, state, ZIP], give, devise and bequeath to The University Of Tennessee [written amount or percentage of the estate or description of property] for its unrestricted use and purpose."
able to be changed or cancelled
A revocable living trust is set up during your lifetime and can be revoked at any time before death. They allow assets held in the trust to pass directly to beneficiaries without probate court proceedings and can also reduce federal estate taxes.
cannot be changed or cancelled
tax on gifts generally paid by the person making the gift rather than the recipient
the original value of an asset, such as stock, before its appreciation or depreciation
the growth in value of an asset like stock or real estate since the original purchase
the price a willing buyer and willing seller can agree on
The person receiving the gift annuity payments.
the part of an estate left after debts, taxes and specific bequests have been paid
a written and properly witnessed legal change to a will
the person named in a will to manage the estate, collect the property, pay any debt, and distribute property according to the will
A donor advised fund is an account that you set up but which is managed by a nonprofit organization. You contribute to the account, which grows tax-free. You can recommend how much (and how often) you want to distribute money from that fund to UT or other charities. You cannot direct the gifts.
An endowed gift can create a new endowment or add to an existing endowment. The principal of the endowment is invested and a portion of the principal’s earnings are used each year to support our mission.
Tax on the growth in value of an asset—such as real estate or stock—since its original purchase.
Securities, real estate, or any other property having a fair market value greater than its original purchase price.
Real estate can be a personal residence, vacation home, timeshare property, farm, commercial property or undeveloped land.
A charitable remainder trust provides you or other named individuals income each year for life or a period not exceeding 20 years from assets you give to the trust you create.
You give assets to a trust that pays our organization set payments for a number of years, which you choose. The longer the length of time, the better the gift tax savings to you. When the term is up, the remaining trust assets go to you, your family or other beneficiaries you select. This is an excellent way to transfer property to family members at a minimal cost.
You fund this type of trust with cash or appreciated assets—and receive an immediate federal income tax charitable deduction. You can also make additional gifts; each one also qualifies for a tax deduction. The trust pays you, each year, a variable amount based on a fixed percentage of the fair market value of the trust assets. When the trust terminates, the remaining principal goes to UT as a lump sum.
You fund this trust with cash or appreciated assets—and receive an immediate federal income tax charitable deduction. Each year the trust pays you or another named individual the same dollar amount you choose at the start. When the trust terminates, the remaining principal goes to UT as a lump sum.
A beneficiary designation clearly identifies how specific assets will be distributed after your death.
A charitable gift annuity involves a simple contract between you and UT where you agree to make a gift to UT and we, in return, agree to pay you (and someone else, if you choose) a fixed amount each year for the rest of your life.